Petroleum & petrochemicals (Oil & Gas)

Tanker Loading/Discharge superintendence

As Cargo surveyors, our role in the superintendence of tanker loading & discharge is crucial since cargo owners and other parties involved rely on the determination of quality and quantity to make important decisions.
The Company has a team of senior and experienced cargo surveyors that oversee the pre-berthing planning, actual loading/discharge and prepare relevant documents covering the entire process.
Prior to vessel arrival at the berth, its trim, draft, etc detailed are computed and shared for planning. Upon berthing, our surveyors board the tanker for a briefing meeting with the different stakeholders to plan for the loading/discharge.
Thereafter empty cargo tanks are inspected for cleanliness, product pipelines primed, and cargo quantities determined through ship and shore tank gauging -sounding/dipping, ullaging or meter reading (LPG) as may be appropriate. As this happens, cargo samples are also taken for laboratory testing. Once quality and quantities have been determined and documented, loading/discharge commences with proper & constant communication between ship and shore loading masters and attending Pauphile surveyors.
Discharge/loading is concluded with thorough striping, empty tank inspection, and gauging to ascertain quantities discharged/loaded versus received.
Upon completion, our surveyors prepare and sign off relevant cargo documents with the different attending parties and discharge/loading reports drafted including the Outturn.

Superintendence of custody transfers

We superintend product transfer from one terminal to another or between tanks in the same or separate tank farms within the same terminal or depot.
During these petroleum custody transfers from one terminal to the next, we accurately test measure and make sure that transactions are equitable. Some of the products handed in such transfers include refined petroleum products such as LPG, Mogas, Gasoil, and Fuel oil.
Just like with vessel discharge, proper pre-transfer planning and briefing are done prior to actual pipeline lining up & packing and tank dipping. Throughout the transfer operation, quantities of product discharged and received are compared at hourly intervals to ensure consistency in the total quantities planned.

Petroleum empty tank and Tank cleanliness inspection

For loading operations of clean products, it is always best to have the vessel inspected prior to berthing operations. This confirms whether the right cleaning procedures were adhered to.
As highlighted under vessel discharge, Pauphile surveyors ensure effective stripping of cargo tanks and document properly quantities of cargo remaining onboard, if any. Our though inspections seek to confirm whether, even if the remaining cargo was liquid, it could be pumped by the vessel’s equipment.
From experience, we know it is possible that small quantities of oil, particularly where high gas cargoes are concerned, cannot be picked up by the pumps without the pumps gassing up. It could be that due to sediments from the cargo or shore restrictions on trim, the oil is liquid but cannot run to the suction. Hence our concern is to establish if the R.O.B. is “Liquid/Non-Liquid” or
“Pumpable / un-pumpable”. Our inspection reports contribute to whether a claim is accepted or denied.
Pauphile group protects clients’ interests during these inspections. Consequently, we pay careful attention to all O.B.Q. / R.O.B. inspections when loading
and discharging with a view to avoiding losses.
Before loading, our joint inspection of the cargo tanks with shore representatives and ship’s officers confirm that the tanks are properly drained of water and in a suitable condition to load the designated cargo. In tankers where tanks are inerted, we rely on the ship’s gauging equipment, previous cargo history, and tank cleaning records rather than any visual
inspection due to safety concerns.

Bunker survey

We carry out bunker survey to measure, ascertain the quantity of bunker on board at the specific time, and prepare a bunker survey report that states the amount of bunker, usually Fuel Oil (FO) and Diesel Oil (DO), and sometimes Lubricating Oil (LO) is included.
Our expertise and integrity greatly assist clients in obtaining the correct quantity of Fuel, Gas oil, Lube oil and Sludge on-board their to be chartered and/or returned vessel. We offer impartial and independent quantity inspection services for marine fuels, issuing detailed bunker survey reports to confirm fuel delivery and report bunker fuel shortages that support fuel shortage claims and quality disputes.

Ship-to-ship operations

Ships such as oil tankers and gas carriers carry a huge amount of cargo in bulk which does not have to be unloaded in just one port but at different ports. Partial unloading may be due to draught restrictions on a particular port or as per the clients’ orders. These partial transfers operations from one ship to another are termed as ship-to-ship transfers.
Pauphile group has a record of superintending ship-to-ship transfers and make them very economical as ships do not have to berth at the jetties, especially for huge oil tankers, which removes the port berthing charges and also cut short the time for berthing and mooring. Pauphile experienced surveyors oversee these operations to ensure NIL environmental pollution and minimize fire risks by thorough inspections that eliminate leakages. We coordinate with both the masters of the ships for efficient STS operations.

Loading & offloading supervision - Road & Rail tankers

Rail and Road tanker loading and unloading operations are likely to result in shortages, product contamination, or even lead to spillages and possibly cause a fire if not well attended. For these reasons, cargo owners and terminals appoint Pauphile group to superintend the operations.
With a team of experienced cargo surveyors, Pauphile group successfully supervises loading and unloading of tankers thereby guaranteeing the quality, quantity, and safe operations. To achieve this, the company has invested training surveyors quantity determination, tanker inspection, and occupational safety. Our clients no longer have to worry of product quality and shortages since their tankers are inspected, loaded, sealed, and offloaded in the supervision of expatriates, who check, measure, test, and interpret cargo to the ‘molecule’